PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGIC TARGETS IN PERSONALIZED PSYCHIATRY
Keywords:pharmacogenetics, candidate genes, polymorphisms, personalized psychiatry
The advances made on genetic influence on response and side effects of psychiatric pharmacotherapy improved the concept of personalized psychiatry. The current evidence suggests that testing can be useful in patients who did not respond or tolerate at least one previous pharmacotherapy. Approximately 90% of all drugs are metabolized by only few different cytochrome enzymes. Pharmacogenetic research has provided important evidence of CYP functional polymorphisms in psychiatric treatment, with numerous studies associating their presence with the variability observed in response to treatment. The study of candidate genes involved in the pharmacokinetics of antidepressants has provided sufficiently strong scientific evidence for clinical applications. These genes encode the cytochrome P450 enzymes and are responsible for the metabolism of antidepressants. Pharmacogenetic testing is thus becoming a useful and increasingly useful tool for antidepressant pharmacotherapy. The efficacy of antidepressant action has been associated with several polymorphisms, located on the gene encoding proteins considered to be involved in the various mechanisms of action of antidepressant treatments.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 neamtu monica
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, link to the full texts or use the articles for any other lawful purpose.
The authors are the sole copyright owners of the published articles. The articles are distributed under the CC BY 4.0 license to the readers.
The readers are free to:
Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially
Under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions — you may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.